Designer Smiles
316 Groveland Street, Orlando, FL 32804

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
I have been coming to DS and Dr Ospina since 2015, when they took on the task of repairing my teeth after a substantial accident. They have always, and continue to do the best to accommodate me, and […]
Frank S.
What a wonderful experience, usually when you go to the dentist office you are nervous and worried. But from the moment you step into the office you are greeted with a smile and kindness, you […]
Javier T.
What a great team at Designer Smiles! I found Dr Ortiz to be very caring and compassionate, and the staff are friendly and accommodating. Designer Smiles is an office I will highly recommend to my […]
Tracey L.
This place rocks. They do everything in house and dont send you all over town to have different procedures done. They handle everything in house. The team is very compassionate and made an anxious […]
Kevin D.
All the staff is exceptional, knowledgeable and very friendly. Edward Sales thoroughness while cleaning your teeth made me feel good about my dental hygiene. I am very grateful for the great […]
Celenia L.
Very nice staff and very professional!! Thank you!!!!
Stacey
Dr Ospina is fantastic! Most gentle and painless root canal I have ever had!
Louann N.
This clinic deserves more than a 5-star, it is a piece of heaven on earth! My husband was well taken cared of by Dr. Ortiz, he has been complaining of a toothache for weeks. My husband’s tooth was […]
Audrey S.
What an awsome set up. I have never seen such team work exhibited by Dr. Deigo O., Cathy, Sonya and Felix. Very warm, caring and reassuring even down to the cost (very workable). Dr. Deigo […]
Celeitha V.
Great staff , great communication.
Antony C.
Dr. Opsina and staff are great! Friendly, engaging, personable……
Gerald L.
I came in as a walk-in and was able to be seen almost immediately. I was seen by Dr. Ospina; he was very attentive and offered a response to all my questions, no matter how small. I don’t remember […]
ANGELICA T.
Friendly well trained and knowledgeable staff. Gentle but thorough, Edward made my hygiene appointment enjoyable and informative. Would definitely recommend Designer Smiles !
Nel O.
We drive from Rockledge to see Dr. Ospina. We love him! The staff is also very kind and knowledgeable.
LouAnn N.
Great dentist and a great hygienist.
Jeff S.
When I fell off an A-frame ladder at work, I chipped one of my molars, and was sent to Designer Smiles to get the dental work done. I am really happy to have been sent to them. Dr Ospina, Dr Ortiz […]
Joshua M.
Very professional staff and Dr.
Alastair W.
Dr. Ospina is an excellent dentist and has earned my complete trust. The whole office is friendly and caring. I feel like so much more than a number and they never look at me with dollar signs in […]
Melinda R.
You took the time to deal with me and my anxiety and were VERY caring! I felt as if I was part of your family being treated! IV Sedation is the BOMB! I will never goto another Dentist, You gained a […]
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Friendly staff. They make you feel like family!
Torrance W.
Office Hours
Mon. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Tue. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Wed. – 6:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Thu. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Sat. – Closed
Sun. – Closed
Phone: (407) 988-1563
Fax: (407) 895-5511
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For appointments, call: (407) 988-1563
Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Wednesday 6:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Saturday Closed
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