Designer Smiles
316 Groveland Street, Orlando, FL 32804

Education

Oral Hygiene & Prevention: Brushing & Flossing, Periodontal Disease

Brushing Basics

We all know how to brush our teeth, right? Not exactly. Brushing properly doesn’t come naturally. It takes practice and know-how. Our teeth are covered with a sticky film of bacteria, called plaque, which is the main cause of tooth decay and gum disease. Thorough brushing can help remove plaque, but only if it’s done correctly

Brushing Guidelines

  • Brush lightly with soft or extra-soft bristles twice daily for at least two minutes
  • Place your toothbrush at a 45-degree angle to the gums
  • Move the brush in a circular motion or back and forth in short strokes
  • Brush the outer and inner surfaces of teeth, as well as the chewing surfaces
  • Use the tip of the brush to clean the inside surfaces of front teeth
  • Gently brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen breath, then rinse
  • Have a standard routine for brushing
  • Brush no more than three times daily

About Periodontal Disease

Periodontal is a broad term use to describe various diseases that affect the gums, bone and surrounding structures of the teeth. The 2001 Guinness Book of World Records list Periodontal Disease as the #1 disease affecting mankind. The most common types of adult periodontal disease are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis causes bleeding and reddening of the gums. Periodontitis damages the bone and connective tissue that support the teeth.

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gum tissue. This happens when bacteria increases in mass to form a paste-like substance called plaque. Accumulation of plaque and tartar covering the teeth are the beginning stages of periodontal diseases. Tartar is long standing plaque that has absorbed calcium on the tooth surface. Early detection and treatment are your best defense.

Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease

  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Poorly contoured fillings or crowns
  • Poor nutrition
  • Smoking
  • Chewing tobacco
  • High levels of stress
  • Diabetes
  • Down’s Syndrome
  • AIDS
  • Taking certain medications: steroids, oral contraceptives and blood pressure medications
  • Genetics: children of parents with periodontitis are 12 times more likely to have the bacteria that can lead to periodontal disease

Warning Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

The existence of bone destruction under the gums cannot be visually detected. This makes it especially important to visit your dentist regularly.

Some early warning signs include:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Red, tender, puffy or swollen gums
  • Pain or tenderness in the gums
  • Itchy sensation
  • Teeth that are loose or shifting
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Constant bad breath or taste
  • Changes in your bite
  • Changes in the fit of your oral appliance(i.e. partial denture)
  • Gums that are pulling away from the teeth (i.e. recession)

If left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss. Research indicates that periodontal disease may contribute to diabetes, respiratory diseases, heart attack, stroke, or be associated with premature childbirth.

Prevention of Periodontal Disease

  • Good oral hygiene and visiting you dentist regularly can stop the disease’s progression
  • Eating a balanced diet to supply nutrients for good health
  • Proper use of a toothbrush, toothpaste, dental floss and mouthwash
  • Drinking at least seven glasses of water per day to increase saliva in the mouth

Treatments

An evaluation is done using a periodontal prove to measure the depth of the space between the teeth and gums and x-rays are taken to see whether the bone is damaged. Depending on the disease progression, the following treatments are used:

  • More frequent cleaning interval
  • Scaling is done to scrape off tartar and plaque from the tooth’s crowns and roots
  • Root planning is done to smooth rough surfaces of the root and allow the gums to heal
  • Surgery may be needed in certain cases to properly treat the disease

Early detection is important in the treatment of periodontal disease. In addition, you keep dental costs down by preventing further destruction. If you have any questions on periodontal disease, its progression and treatment, CLICK HERE to contact us.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Everyone is very kind and gentle. Dr. Ospina makes the dental experience easier on me! The sedation helps tremendously.
Georgianna C.
Fantastic dentist and great hygienist. All the staff are very friendly.
Jeff S.
What an awsome set up. I have never seen such team work exhibited by Dr. Deigo O., Cathy, Sonya and Felix. Very warm, caring and reassuring even down to the cost (very workable). Dr. Deigo […]
Celeitha V.
Very friendly staff, I feel like they care about you as a person not just a patient.
Candelarrio A.
I have been coming to DS and Dr Ospina since 2015, when they took on the task of repairing my teeth after a substantial accident. They have always, and continue to do the best to accommodate me, and […]
Frank S.
Dr. Ospina is a very caring and passionate Dr. I have received so many compliments on my smile since I got my teeth done here. And I still need bottom done . I can’t wait for the final results. […]
Edwin R.
Excellent service and top qualified dental staff.
Autharine S.
Very professional staff and Dr.
Alastair W.
This place rocks. They do everything in house and dont send you all over town to have different procedures done. They handle everything in house. The team is very compassionate and made an anxious […]
Kevin D.
The facility is clean, and the staff is compassionate, professional, and well trained.
Emelia O.
I came in as a walk-in and was able to be seen almost immediately. I was seen by Dr. Ospina; he was very attentive and offered a response to all my questions, no matter how small. I don’t […]
ANGELICA T.
Edward is a gem! Such detailed and meticulous but yet gentle cleaning I have ever had done. Usually I have to spend twice longer with a dental hygienist. Because I have teeth pockets that are […]
Yana O.
You took the time to deal with me and my anxiety and were VERY caring! I felt as if I was part of your family being treated! IV Sedation is the BOMB! I will never goto another Dentist, You gained a […]
Kenneth B.
The employees there were excellent with my 9 year old. They made her feel comfortable enough to let them sedate her (she doesn’t let anybody near her with a needle). Dr. Ospina is AMAZING! So […]
Marilu A.
Very nice staff and very professional!! Thank you!!!!
Stacey
Thanks you…Dr Diego Ospina and staff are awesome. I have been coming here for a few years. Dr Ospina is always gentle and has wonderful deposition. I would recommend others to come here.
Carolina A.
Dr Ospina is fantastic! Most gentle and painless root canal I have ever had!
Louann N.
Great management, everyone are so helpful and amazing people. Thank you Designer Smiles.
Ayrton P.
Dr. Ospina has been the BEST dentist I’ve ever been to! He is an expert at his craft. He takes his time in studying personal preferences and concerns of all his patients. The office staff is […]
Diane H.
You’ve done a great job and made me feel as comfortable as possible the whole time. Everyone there is a beautiful and caring person.
Joshua M.
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Tue. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Wed. – 6:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Phone: (407) 988-1563
Fax: (407) 895-5511
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For appointments, call: (407) 988-1563
Office Hours
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  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Wednesday 6:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
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  • Phone: (407) 988-1563
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