Designer Smiles
316 Groveland Street, Orlando, FL 32804

Education

Oral Hygiene & Prevention: Brushing & Flossing, Periodontal Disease

Brushing Basics

We all know how to brush our teeth, right? Not exactly. Brushing properly doesn’t come naturally. It takes practice and know-how. Our teeth are covered with a sticky film of bacteria, called plaque, which is the main cause of tooth decay and gum disease. Thorough brushing can help remove plaque, but only if it’s done correctly

Brushing Guidelines

  • Brush lightly with soft or extra-soft bristles twice daily for at least two minutes
  • Place your toothbrush at a 45-degree angle to the gums
  • Move the brush in a circular motion or back and forth in short strokes
  • Brush the outer and inner surfaces of teeth, as well as the chewing surfaces
  • Use the tip of the brush to clean the inside surfaces of front teeth
  • Gently brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen breath, then rinse
  • Have a standard routine for brushing
  • Brush no more than three times daily

About Periodontal Disease

Periodontal is a broad term use to describe various diseases that affect the gums, bone and surrounding structures of the teeth. The 2001 Guinness Book of World Records list Periodontal Disease as the #1 disease affecting mankind. The most common types of adult periodontal disease are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis causes bleeding and reddening of the gums. Periodontitis damages the bone and connective tissue that support the teeth.

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gum tissue. This happens when bacteria increases in mass to form a paste-like substance called plaque. Accumulation of plaque and tartar covering the teeth are the beginning stages of periodontal diseases. Tartar is long standing plaque that has absorbed calcium on the tooth surface. Early detection and treatment are your best defense.

Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease

  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Poorly contoured fillings or crowns
  • Poor nutrition
  • Smoking
  • Chewing tobacco
  • High levels of stress
  • Diabetes
  • Down’s Syndrome
  • AIDS
  • Taking certain medications: steroids, oral contraceptives and blood pressure medications
  • Genetics: children of parents with periodontitis are 12 times more likely to have the bacteria that can lead to periodontal disease

Warning Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

The existence of bone destruction under the gums cannot be visually detected. This makes it especially important to visit your dentist regularly.

Some early warning signs include:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Red, tender, puffy or swollen gums
  • Pain or tenderness in the gums
  • Itchy sensation
  • Teeth that are loose or shifting
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Constant bad breath or taste
  • Changes in your bite
  • Changes in the fit of your oral appliance(i.e. partial denture)
  • Gums that are pulling away from the teeth (i.e. recession)

If left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss. Research indicates that periodontal disease may contribute to diabetes, respiratory diseases, heart attack, stroke, or be associated with premature childbirth.

Prevention of Periodontal Disease

  • Good oral hygiene and visiting you dentist regularly can stop the disease’s progression
  • Eating a balanced diet to supply nutrients for good health
  • Proper use of a toothbrush, toothpaste, dental floss and mouthwash
  • Drinking at least seven glasses of water per day to increase saliva in the mouth

Treatments

An evaluation is done using a periodontal prove to measure the depth of the space between the teeth and gums and x-rays are taken to see whether the bone is damaged. Depending on the disease progression, the following treatments are used:

  • More frequent cleaning interval
  • Scaling is done to scrape off tartar and plaque from the tooth’s crowns and roots
  • Root planning is done to smooth rough surfaces of the root and allow the gums to heal
  • Surgery may be needed in certain cases to properly treat the disease

Early detection is important in the treatment of periodontal disease. In addition, you keep dental costs down by preventing further destruction. If you have any questions on periodontal disease, its progression and treatment, CLICK HERE to contact us.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
They place great implants. And Dr. Ospina makes you feel absolutley no pain at all when he sedates you. You need, and I mean NEED, to go to him!
Gabberoos
It has been an excellent experience going to this office.. great amazing service! I will recommend this office to anybody.. friends and family…they truly care for you and your dental health. […]
Juan S.
Edward did an amazing job my teeth have never been so clean . And I finally know how to brush correctly to prevent gum disease
Stephanie H.
Great dentist office. The entire team takes time to talk to you, explain everything, and let you review your options. They treat you like family.
Sean M.
it was the best experience ever!! i get there really scared, but when we start taking pictures and all that stuf they make me feel amazing, like i was part of there team…. the sedation was […]
Anaca123456
This office is great. Felix from the front desk is very welcoming and accommodating. Edward the hygienist is very gentle with the cleaning and super polite the entire time. Dr. Ortiz is awesome and […]
Joy L.
Office Hours
Mon. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Tue. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Wed. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Thu. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Sat. – Closed
Sun. – Closed
Phone: (407) 988-1563
Fax: (407) 895-5511
Healthcare Financing with
CareCredit
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here

For appointments, call us at: (407) 988-1563 or
Request an Appointment
For appointments, call: (407) 988-1563
Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Wednesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Saturday Closed
  • Sunday Closed
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (407) 988-1563
Our Location